5 So Jonah went out of the city, and sat on the east side of the city, and there made him a booth, and sat under it in the shadow, till he might see what would become of the city. (Jon 4:4; Jon 4:9) 2 And he prayed to the Lord and said, “O Lord, is not this what I said when I was yet in my country? The Lord controlled the elements of weather (Jon. Jonah thought that they deserved it. See how tender God is of his people in their afflictions, even though they are foolish and froward. A gourd in the right place may do us more service than a cedar. Jonah 2:4. The precise identification of this plant is uncertain; also in verses 7, 9 and 10. (5-11)1-4 What all the saints make matter of joy and praise, Jonah makes the subject of reflection upon God; as if showing mercy were an imperfection of the Divine nature, which is the greatest glory of it. But it — The divine forbearance in sparing Nineveh; displeased Jonah exceedingly — “Seeing that what he had foretold against the Ninevites did not happen, he was afraid lest he should pass for a false prophet and a deceiver, his ministry be despised, and his person exposed to the violence of the Ninevites. Some would rejoice and some would leave! It is to his sparing, pardoning mercy, we all owe it that we are out of hell. We should often ask ourselves, Is it well to say thus, to do thus? This book contains the prophecies attributed to the prophet Jonah, and is a part of the Book of the Twelve Minor Prophets. 10 And the Lord commanded the fish, and it vomited Jonah onto dry land. 6 Then the Lord God provided(K) a leafy plant[a] and made it grow up over Jonah to give shade for his head to ease his discomfort, and Jonah was very happy about the plant. What God really prepared was a person, a prophet. 11 And should I not have concern(O) for the great city of Nineveh,(P) in which there are more than a hundred and twenty thousand people who cannot tell their right hand from their left—and also many animals?”. So Jonah was exceeding glad of the gourd. 9 And God said to Jonah, Doest thou well to be angry for the gourd? Persons of strong passions are apt to be cast down with any trifle that crosses them, or to be lifted up with a trifle that pleases them. In Jonah 2:1-10, Jonah is trapped in the belly of the great fish.He prays for salvation, and in the end, after this terrible trial, he is vomited forth onto dry land. According to one tradition, Jonah was the boy brought back to life by Elijah the prophet in 1 Kings 17. We are mistaken if we believe that all of God's people will celebrate the moving of God. Those who have fretful, uneasy spirits, often make troubles for themselves, that they may still have something to complain of. Copyright © 2019 by Zondervan. 8:15] made a booth for himself there. 8 And it came to pass, when the sun did arise, that God prepared a vehement east wind; and the sun beat upon the head of Jonah, that he fainted, and wished in himself to die, and said, It is better for me to die than to live. NIV Reverse Interlinear Bible: English to Hebrew and English to Greek. 1). It merely begins with an … Jonah understood some of the depth of God's grace and mercy. 10 Then said the LORD, Thou hast had pity on the gourd, for the which thou hast not laboured, neither madest it grow; which came up in a night, and perished in a night: 11 And should not I spare Nineveh, that great city, wherein are more than sixscore thousand persons that cannot discern between their right hand and their left hand; and also much cattle? Jonah 2:1 "Then Jonah prayed unto the LORD his God out of the fish's belly," "Then Jonah prayed": When he was in the fish's belly. Text. He made a booth there and sat under it in the shade, until he should see what happened to the city. It is just that those who love to complain, should never be left without something to complain of. He tried to stop it by fleeing (ch. z and you heard my voice.. 3 a For you cast me into the deep,. He sat under it in the shade, till he should see what would become of the city. and the flood surrounded me;. The LORD prepared a wind (Jonah 4:8). He was not duly humbled for his own sins, and was not willing to trust the Lord with his credit and safety. 4 1 “For indeed the day 2 is coming, burning like a furnace, and all the arrogant evildoers will be chaff. When nothing happened, they knew that God had heard their prayers toforgive them. Do I well to be so soon angry, so often angry, so long angry, and to give others ill language in my anger? Jonah 4:5 Then Jonah left the city and sat down east of it, where He made himself a shelter and sat in … Can I justify it? loss of power], Accusations of a lack of authenticity, Concerns about changes that might affect personal comfort levels, or Divisions between the old and new members. (1-4) He is taught by the withering of a gourd, that he did wrong. 1:17; 4… Jonah repines at God's mercy to Nineveh, and is reproved. And he made himself a booth there and sat under it in the shade, until he might see what would happen to the city. That is what I tried to forestall by fleeing to Tarshish. Jonah 4:6, "[~Yahweh] ['Elohiym]," the compound name of God found in the Book of Genesis. b all your waves and your billows. Now Jonah had left the city and found a place east of the city. And the LORD said, “Is your anger rightly kindled in you?” 5. I knew that you are a gracious and compassionate God, slow to anger and abounding in love, a God who relents from sending calamity. NIV, Storyline Bible, Comfort Print: Each Story Plays a Part. Jonah 4:1 Jonah, however, was greatly displeased, and became angry. They were a vicious and violent people (as were most nations in those days). And murmurers shall be made to understand, that how willing soever they are to keep the Divine grace to themselves and those of their own way, there is one Lord over all, who is rich in mercy to all that call upon him. 4 Then said the LORD, Doest thou well to be angry? God prepared a wind to make Jonah feel the want of the gourd. Why did God not punish thesecruel and evil people? Jonah 4:3 And now, O LORD, please take my life from me, for it is better for me to die than to live." In this frame of mind, he overlooked the good of which he had been an instrument, and the glory of the Divine mercy. x “I called out to the L ord, out of my distress,. So Jonah was angry with God. When God called him the first time, Jonah suspected that God wastoo kind to punish Nineveh. The book of Jonah demonstrates the sovereignty of the Almighty as he employs his creation to accomplish the divine plan. I knew(B) that you are a gracious(C) and compassionate God, slow to anger and abounding in love,(D) a God who relents(E) from sending calamity. That was Jonah's crime. Holy Bible, New International Version®, NIV® Copyright ©1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.® Used by permission. The New World Translation of the Holy Scriptures is published by Jehovah’s Witnesses. As Jonah waited for the destruction of Nineveh, God provided what to shade him. “A gourd”: This seems to be a fast growing plant which in hot climates grows rapidly to … 2 He prayed to the Lord, “Isn’t this what I said, Lord, when I was still at homeThat is what I tried to forestall by fleeing to Tarshish. See what our creature-comforts are, and what we may expect them to be; they are withering things. The second movement is (in verses 5-6) and the third movement is (in verses 7-9). Now l Nineveh was an exceedingly great city, 1 three days’ journey in breadth. What should especially silence discontent, is, that when our gourd is gone, our God is not gone. He wishes for death: this was the language of folly, passion, and strong corruption. Sin and death are very dreadful, yet Jonah, in his heat, makes light of both. The least creatures may be great plagues, or great comforts, as God is pleased to make them. Jonah Resented God’s Compassion (4:2) It may seem strange that Jonah was unhappy that God wanted to forgive the Assyrians until we remember what an enemy Assyria was to Israel. (5-11)1-4 What all the saints make matter of joy and praise, Jonah makes the subject of reflection upon God; as if showing mercy were an imperfection of the Divine nature, which is the greatest glory of it. Before a new church -- either a state of good and truth with a group of people, or a new state of good an truth in ourselves - can come into existence, a period of temptation, of struggle, must occur. 7 But at dawn the next day God provided a worm, which chewed the plant so that it withered. One soul is of more value than the whole world; surely then one soul is of more value than many gourds: we should have more concern for our own and others' precious souls, than for the riches and enjoyments of this world. 1:4, 11, 13, 15; 4:8), and he prepared a sea-creature, a vine, and a worm to do his bidding (Jon. 2 Then Jonah prayed to the L ord his God from the belly of the fish, 2 saying,. For that matter, we might hear some of the following: Complaints about the influx or type of people coming into the church [i.e. 4 1 But it displeased Jonah exceedingly, and he was angry. 4. Jonah 4:1-2. A thing small in itself, yet coming seasonably, may be a valuable blessing. As with chapter 3, grace is a major theme in the Book of Jonah's final chapter. into the heart of the seas,. The Question of God (Jonah 4:4-8) Jonah 4:4. 1 But it displeased Jonah exceedingly, and he was very angry. He is probably seen as a traitor in Israel, and God was now blessing the people that he saw as the scum of the earth. 5 Jonah went out of the city and sat to the east of the city and # [Neh. But Jonah was very annoyed. 3 Therefore now, O LORD, take, I beseech thee, my life from me; for it is better for me to die than to live. Thepeople were very glad. ii. Most of those statemen… Jonah 4:5 So Jonah went out of the city, and sat on the east side of the city, and there made him a booth, and sat under it in the shadow, till he might see what would become of the city. The Book of Jonah (Yonah יונה) is one of the twelve minor prophets included in the Tanakh. When afflicting providences take away relations, possessions, and enjoyments, we must not be angry at God. (1-4) He is taught by the withering of a gourd, that he did wrong. Jonah 4:1-11—Read the Bible online or download free. Yet will I look again toward Thy holy temple. Nevertheless, the real work of preparation happened in Jonah. 4 But to Jonah this seemed very wrong, and he became angry. 2 But for you who respect my name, the sun of vindication 4 will rise with healing wings, 5 and you will skip about 6 like calves released from the stall. But they could not, for the sea grew even wilder than before. 14 Then they cried out to the Lord, “Please, Lord, do not let us die for taking this man’s life.Do not hold us accountable for killing an innocent man, for you, Lord, have done as you pleased.” 15 Then they took Jonah and threw him overboard, and the raging sea grew calm. Do we wonder at the forbearance of God towards his perverse servant? The coming day will burn them up,” says the Lord who rules over all. There he made himself a shelter, sat in its shade and waited to see what would happen to the city. Jonah’s name means “dove”; and his commission, as recorded in the book of Jonah, was to convey a message from God to the Assyrian capital of Nineveh.The book of Jonah gives no indication of his prophetic activity in the land of Israel. So Jonah was exceeding glad of the gourd." 2 And he prayed unto the LORD, and said, I pray thee, O LORD, was not this my saying, when I was yet in my country? Jonah 4 is the fourth (and the last) chapter of the Book of Jonah in the Hebrew Bible or the Old Testament of the Christian Bible. Jonah is identified as a prophet and servant of God during the reign of King Jeroboam II of Israel (2 Kings 14:24-25)—between 792 and 753 B.C. (Nelson’s NKJV Study Bible). (1-4) He is taught by the withering of a gourd, that he did wrong. Perhaps creature-comforts are continued to us, but are made bitter; the creature is continued, but the comfort is gone. (5-11) Commentary on Jonah 4:1-4 (Read Jonah 4:1-4) What all the saints make matter of joy and praise, Jonah makes the subject of reflection upon God; as if showing mercy were an imperfection of … Do I well to be angry at the mercy of God to repenting sinners? Upgrade to Bible Gateway Plus, and access the, NIV, Cultural Backgrounds Study Bible, Red Letter Edition: Bringing to Life the Ancient World of Scripture, NIV, Beautiful Word Bible Journal, Luke, Comfort Print, NIV, Beautiful Word Bible Journal, Romans, Comfort Print, NIV, Story of Jesus: Experience the Life of Jesus as One Seamless Story. All rights reserved worldwide. There appeared in Jonah remains of a proud, uncharitable spirit; and that he neither expected nor desired the welfare of the Ninevites, but had only come to declare and witness their destruction. Jonah Goes to Nineveh. 13 Instead, the men did their best to row back to land. In fact, now that God has been compassionate on Nineveh, Jonah would rather die. The leading feature of the story is that of one man sacrificed for the rest of the crew: it is the execution of the culprit, in arrest of judgment on the innocent. See How They All Connect. Let us study our own hearts and ways; let us not forget our own ingratitude and obstinacy; and let us be astonished at God's patience towards us.Commentary by Matthew Henry, 1710. And he said, I do well to be angry, even unto death. “It 3 will not leave even a root or branch.